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Science Ideas and Concepts

Scientific study requires a basic knowledge and understanding of ideas and concepts. This collection explains the ideas that are fundamental to Ferns.

  • What is a plant? – Information Sheet

    The kingdom Plantae is vast. It encompasses nearly 300,000 species. All plants share a number of key characteristics.

  • What is a fern? – Information Sheet

    Ferns are plants of ancient origin. They are the green flowerless plants with divided leaves that often grow in damp, shady areas. Ferns have two separate independent living stages in their life cycle.

  • Classifying and identifying ferns – Information Sheet

    Scientists currently consider that New Zealand has approximately 230 species of fern in about 50 different genera. Botanists document the characteristics of these ferns for classification and identification.